Administrative Templates (ADMX) for Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7
New in Windows 7 is that Administrative templates are in ADMX format. In earlier releases they were in ADM format only. Then it was possible to import them with Add/Remove templates. Because Administrative templates are in ADMX format now only, this is not functional anymore. In this blog I will explain how to use them.
Just download the MSI file from the above link and install it. The default location for install will be "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Group Policy\win72008r2\" which is just fine. After that many files are located in the PolicyDefinitions folder, which are 55 language folders with ADML files (language-specific) and 160 ADMX files (language-neutral). Because they cannot be imported by Add//Remove templates additional steps are needed now.
To ensure that the new ADMX and ADML files are propagated throughout the domain, on the computer on which you downloaded the new ADMX and ADML files, copy the new PolicyDefinitions directory to the appropriate location under SYSVOL on the appropriate domain controller. Doing so will ensure that all language-specific subdirectories are also copied to SYSVOL.
This can also be found in the following TechNet post:
How to create a Central Store for Group Policy Administrative Templates in Window Vista/7
It mentions: To create a Central Store for .admx and .adml files, create a folder that is named PolicyDefinitions in the following location:
\\FQDN\SYSVOL\FQDN\policiesCopy all files from the PolicyDefinitions folder on a Windows Vista/7-based client computer to the PolicyDefinitions folder on the domain controller.
Important: Updates to SYSVOL are replicated to all domain controllers in the domain, which results in increased network traffic and load placed on the domain controllers. Therefore, to minimize the impact of this operation in your domain, schedule the copying of updated ADMX and ADML files to SYSVOL outside core business hours.
After that it's possible that the following error message is displayed:
Encountered an error while parsing.
Expected one of the following possible elements(s), <test>, <decimalTestBox>, <testBox>, <checkBox>, <comboBox>, <dropdownList>, <listBox>, but found <multiTextBox> instead.
line 198, column 60
Alternatively, if the error is showing parsing issues with a particular ADMX/ADML file, you can simply remove that from the PolicyDefinitions folder. For example, the terminalserver-Server-ADML file is specific to Server 2008-R2 and you probably don't need it for now.
After these steps it's possible to manage Windows 7 with Group Policies. Because there are 160 different ADMX files, each file is used for a specific part of Windows. Just have a look at it for all possibilities.